My journey through various texts in International Relations, politics, and philosophy, alongside my experience in the tech industry, has illuminated the pivotal role of technology in today's society.

Over the past decade, my immersion in political realism has revealed its limitations. Scholars increasingly abandon it due to its narrow focus on states, overlooking non-state actors and the intricate ideas that shape political decisions. Despite these challenges, I remain optimistic about its potential for growth.

Rooted in an analysis of human nature and power dynamics, realism offers valuable insights that can enhance our understanding of contemporary politics. Embracing this critical perspective presents an opportunity to refine our approach and navigate the complexities of our modern world more effectively.

My concerns stemmed from the notion of control, observing how states and BigTech entities assert control over society through inventions like surveillance systems and cyber measures.

During my MA studies, I developed this theory, techno-realism, to examine how politics are now centered around technological advancement.

I argue that technology is not just a tool for power, but a means of power itself.

In techno-realism, I also developed three concepts: how identity is being formed, how the process of technological advancement looks, and how the structure of politics is affected.

Read the full paper of this theory:

This theory will be presented at WISC 2024 and LEAM 2024, two prestigious conferences for International StudiesĀ in Poland.